Different Animal Leather Types

A pair of feet on a table

The reason you see so many different prices for leather jackets is because of the different types of leather that they use to make them. There are 3 basic differences to leather. One is how it’s tanned and treated. There are several different ways they do that, all of them having strong and weak points. Two is what part of the animal did the leather come from, and has it been split, sanded or stitched together. But before all that comes the most basic step, what animal did the leather come from.

Cow hide

A horse that is looking at the camera

Cow hide is the most common type of leather used for leather jackets, vest, pants, dusters and biker bags. It’s made from,,,,,cows. All kinds of cows; dairy cows, beef cows, females and males. Often it’s made from cows we don’t normally see around the USA, because a lot of leather is made in different countries.

Buffalo hide

A close up of a grey background

Hide from a buffalo is thick and surprisingly soft. It often has a more pronounced leather pattern, that is deeper groves and cuts that make leather look the way it is. Buffalo hide is used in everything cow hide is, plus more rugged items like shoes and rugs. Full length leather dusters are often made from buffalo. A buffalo leather jacket will last a lifetime.

Pig skin

Most people are surprised to learn a lot of leather items and jackets are made of pig skin, not just footballs! It might not sound good to say you have a pig skin jacket on, but the fact is pig hide can be tougher than cow hide. It can be a little stiffer than cowhide, and is about the same strength. Pig skin is often used in leather jackets, and most people have no idea they are wearing pig skin. It really is a quality skin.

Sheep skin

The skin of a sheep is soft, smooth and light. Often it is used with the wool left on for wool coats and vest, as well as rugs. It is not as rugged or strong as the above mentioned hides, and should not be used to make a motorcycle jacket or other hard wearing items. However they do make great looking fashion jackets and trench coats, as well as pants and leather shirts.

Lamb skin

For some reason a lot of places tout “genuine lambskin leather” as a hard to find leather that must be great. Truth is lamb skin is very common, it’s very thin and very weak. It’s also very smooth and soft, so it is a good choice for small purses, driving gloves and other small, fashion type articles. But it’s way to weak for jackets, vest and bags.

Deer and Elk skin

The hides from deer and elk goes way back to the Indians, so they have been very popular. They can be very soft and smooth. However deer skin is not as strong as cowhide, comparable to sheep skin. Elk hide is much stronger, but very hard to find anymore.

Crocodile and Alligator

Everyone has heard about crocodile boots and purses. They are very tough, very beautiful and can last a lifetime. The leather is hard to work with, making it more expensive. A great choice when you have money to burn and want to look classy!

Stingray leather

Yes, the hide of stingrays is actually a very popular and beautiful type of leather for people who can afford it. It is one of the most durable leathers you can find, used by the Japanese at one time as body armor. The texture is like many round pebbles, smooth and slick. It is also the most expensive, far out of reach of most.

Snakeskin leather

Hide from snakes can look very beautiful. It is thin and flexible, but not very strong. It is mainly used for decorations like hat bands, purses or trim for vest and other wear.

Shark skin leather

Another hide that is growing more popular, sharkskin is very durable and tough. It has a very beautiful and sleek look to it and feels smooth to the touch. Yes, it’s expensive! These are the different animal leather types.

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