There are many different types of animal testing done in pharmaceutical and bio-tech domains. The most common types of animal testing are Toxicity/Irritant Tests and Cytoxicity/Risk Assessment tests. The toxicity test is utilized to test the acute toxicity or chronic toxicity of chemical or organic substances or a product in an effort to measure the long-term toxicities (concentration, acute, chronic). Many times pharmaceuticals will test a new drug by creating a toxicity profile over several days. This profile is then used to determine whether the new drug can cause acute and chronic toxicity.
In the field of clinical trials, animal tests are used to test the safety and efficacy of medications that have undergone rigorous regulatory review. One of the most commonly used testing applications in clinical trials is the Safety Testing of Over the Counter Drugs (SOTU). SOTU is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is available for sale without a prescription in all 50 states. Recently, the European Union (EU) has approved the use of Chinese Herbal Medicine, or Cinnamomum zeylanicum, as an over the counter medicine in Europe.
Types Of Animal Testing
Animal testing methods have become controversial because they can result in suffering and death. Many animal rights activists have spoken out against these tests, but the manufacturers argue that using certain methods is necessary to ensure the effectiveness of their ingredients in treating certain health conditions or other problems. They also point out that millions of people use these medications each year, so it is important to conduct these tests carefully and thoroughly. The two most popular types of animal testing are the Use of Non-Risk Assessment and the Use of Objective Assessment. The Non-Risk Assessment involves using non-invasive observation and evaluation methods in which drugs are administered to test the effects that they have on the body.
Objective testing, on the other hand, involves using drugs in humans who are unaware of the exact contents of the medication being tested. Although animal testing has been around for many years, it has come under increased scrutiny in recent years due to the widespread use of toxins in food and water sources, and the proliferation of mysterious illnesses that seem to appear at the most inopportune times. Critics of animal testing feel that such testing is unnecessary, inhumane, and often discriminatory. Some people have filed lawsuits against companies that utilize these methods, claiming that they subject minorities, women, children, the elderly, and others to needless cruelty.
Animal Tests And Experiments
Even with all the controversy surrounding animal experiments, the meat and dairy industry continues to use animals in testing for new and improved products. Even though it is illegal to use dogs and cats in these types of tests, they are still widely used. In fact, some countries have banned the practice, while others merely advise businesses not to use animals in tests for cosmetics, medications, foods, or cosmetics. Although such ingredients have not been proven harmful, some countries still restrict the use of these ingredients in their food.
Controversial Areas Of The Animal Testing
One of the most controversial areas of the animal testing arena is the cosmetics industry. There have been several recent high-profile lawsuits against companies that use animals in testing. The New York Attorney General recently launched an investigation into whether or not a company owned by the Walt Disney Company was cruel to animals during its testing. According to the New York Attorney General, tests performed on rabbits provided by the cosmetics industry resulted in the deaths of the rabbits. The rabbits in these tests were given compounds such as methyl salicylate (MSDA), a commonly used ingredient in aspirin. The rabbits were also drugged with ethoxyquin, a known carcinogen.
The European Union has also been conducting research into the use of animal testing. The EU is the largest producer of medicines in the world. The scope of the current EU research into cosmetics alternatives is broad and covers a wide variety of methods, such as non-evital skin care tests, genetic engineering, and hormone regulation. One of the biggest challenges is getting the information from pharmaceutical companies to make solid assessments regarding which tests are accurate and whether there are any dangers posed by the alternatives.
There are many questions surrounding the different types of animal testing. The methods used in Europe and in the United States differ significantly, as do the animals used in those tests. While some argue that using non-animal testing proves cruelty to animals, other disagree.