Sea turtles come in wide variety. However, when it comes to their types, we can broadly classify them under seven different categories. Let us get to know about sea turtle in details today. These amazing creatures are already in danger due to indiscriminate pollution by us human beings. Let us check out how many types of sea turtles are present.
Sea Turtle Classification
As already mentioned, there are seven types of sea turtles. The six types among these are found all across the world in every condition. While the seventh type is available only in Australia. So, what are the types? Let’s find out.
Green Sea Turtle
This is among the most common types of turtles that are seen. Most of the time when we are talking about the sea turtle, we imagine the green sea turtle. The color is due to the diet, which consists of green algae and grass. They are deep divers and can stay submerged for about 5 hours.
Remember the ones with a heart-shaped shell? Well, this is the one! As these turtles age, they also grow claws in the front feet and their mouth becomes somewhat like the beak of a bird. The shell also elongates over time. Their diet includes jellyfish, sponges, small fishes, crustaceans, and mollusks.
Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle
Found in the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, and the Mediterranean region, this aro among the smallest in the family. They come in either grey or green color and their diet includes mollusks, crabs, jellyfish, and small fish.
Pretty much what the name suggests, these are the ones with large heads. They have a heart-shaped body and are common across the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic Ocean. They love the sandy beaches, so you will find them across the beach areas.
Olive Ridley Sea Turtle
The smallest among all the sea turtles, they are heart-shaped and green in color. Their diet includes jellyfish, and crustaceans, but will live on algae if needed. Their sexual development happens at around 15 years and they start laying 100 eggs at a time.
The largest in the family, it comes fourth right after three species of crocodiles. The main diet includes jellyfish. They can travel really long distances in search of food. However, they are also among the worst hit by ocean pollution as they often mistake plastics for jellyfish and consume those, resulting in extreme pain and suffering.
Flatback Sea Turtle
This one is found only in Australia and nearby areas, such as Indonesia and New Guinea. The coral reef region is their favorite. You won’t find them in crowded spots and they have a long lifespan of up to 100 years.
Save Turtles From Pollution
The turtle population is fast decreasing and most of them are under extreme threat. They are among the most endangered marine life forms. It is our responsibility to save their habitat and save them as well. While banning the killing of turtles is one step, it is not enough. Pollution is yet another major issue these lovely creatures face. It is time we reduce environmental damage.